The Office of Strategic Services and Italian Americans: The by Salvatore J. LaGumina

By Salvatore J. LaGumina

This ebook explores the contributions of Italian american citizens hired via the place of work of Strategic companies (OSS) in the course of global battle II. Italian american citizens fluent in Italian language and customs turned crucial elements of intelligence operations operating at the back of enemy traces. those devices received important army info that considerably helped defeat the Axis. They parachuted into frozen mountains tops to hyperlink up with Italian guerilla devices in northern Italy or hovered in small patrol torpedo boats and row boats around the Mediterranean Sea in pitch black darkness to ruin railroad junctions.

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Army success in obtaining the services of leading German scientists Wehrner von Braun and hundreds of his colleagues, the Allied command in Italy focused on getting Italian scientists, technicians, and engineers to work for the USA. The prevailing view among Allied leaders was that Italian naval accomplishments merited military focus. Knowledge of Italy’s naval strength so impressed British Prime Minister Winston Churchill who, in AGENTS EXTRAORDINAIRE 47 his excessive eagerness, foresaw that after Italy’s acceptance of the armistice terms there would be 100 Italian warships ready to do important work for the Allies and that accordingly nothing must be done to cause Italy to scuttle its fleet.

One example was Vincenzo CORVO AND THE CONNECTICUT CONNECTION 35 Vacirca, a prominent Sicilian exile (fuoristici), former Socialist member of the Italian parliament and his father’s close friend who was then living in New York. 19 Although Mussolini had revoked his Italian citizenship and confiscated his property, and despite his illness with skin cancer, Vacirca fully cooperated with Corvo by composing the first appeals for psychological warfare aimed at Sicilians. 20 Among others in the New York Italian American community whom Corvo contacted to obtain support in the effort to overthrow Mussolini’s government was the energetic Girolamo Valenti, muckraking editor of an Italian-language Socialist weekly whose sleuthing instincts kept congressmen aware of fascist activities.

I asked her what she meant by down here but she wouldn’t say. J. LAGUMINA In the course of her OSS work which was to set up files, transfer them to SI, then quickly forget what she had just read, Julia learned that the Cuniberti Villa had become the target of Allied bombing raids and Partisan attacks. “You can imagine my reaction. I couldn’t notify my uncle and aunts and cousins. ”5 Dutifully she revealed this information to her superiors, but could not contact her family because it would involve an obvious breach in security.

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