Current Problems: Ethanol as a High-Octane, Environmentally by Karpov S.A.

By Karpov S.A.

He precept of the motion of antiknocks comprises combating explosive decomposition of the goods of pre-ignition oxidation of the gas sooner than common combustion of the gas combination starts off. There are a number of theories that specify the essence of knock combustion. the main generally accredited one is the so-called peroxide conception.

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A. , Zh. Prikl. , 76, No. 4, 570-578 (2003). E. I. Akhmetov, Neftekhimiya, 40, No. 1, 41-43 (2000). 5. 6. R. R. Aliev, N. A. Batyrov, and A. K. Zamanov, Khim. Tekhnol. Topl. Masel, No. 1, 22-23 (1997). E. D. Radchenko, B. K. Nefedov, and R. R. Aliev, Industrial Catalysts of Hydrogenation Processes in Oil 7. Refining [in Russian], Khimiya, Moscow (1987). B. K. Nefedov, E. D. Radchenko, and R. R. Aliev, Catalysts for Exhaustive Refining of Crude Oil [in Russian], Khimiya, Moscow (1992). 410 Chemistry and Technology of Fuels and Oils, Vol.

5, pp. 37 – 38, September – October, 2007. 0009-3092/07/4305–0411 © 2007 Springer Science+Business Media, Inc. 411 9000 3000 a 1 7000 2500 2000 1500 2 3000 1000 1000 3000 500 1400 1200 b 1000 2000 2 1000 800 600 400 200 0 1 0 Viscosity, mPa⋅sec Paricle size, nm 5000 1 2 Time, h Fig. 1. Effect of the duration of thermal treatment on the disperse phase particle size (curve 1) and viscosity (curve 2) at a shear rate of 100 sec -1 for vacuum distillate (a) and base oil (b). phase and the dispersion medium of the tested systems, which is not always possible in the conditions of real measurements.

4. A. I. Akhmedov, A. M. Levshina, Chem. Tech. Fuels Oils, 20, 41 (1984). A. I. Akhmedov, R. I. Ibragimova, Chem. Tech. Fuels Oils, 27, 160 (1991). 5. A. I. Akhmedov, T. K. Akchurina, A. M. Levshina, S. M. Gusein-zade, E. U. Isakov, Chem. Tech. Fuels Oils, 20, 211 (1984). 6. 7. A. Jukiæ, M. Rogošiæ, E. Vidoviæ, Z. Janoviæ, Polym. Int. 56, 112 (2007). Z. Janoviæ, A. Jukiæ, E. Vidoviæ, J. Romano, A. Barišiæ, M. Picek, Goriva i maziva/Fuels and Lubricants, 8. 9. 45, 143 (2006). A. Jukiæ, LJ. Tomašek, Z.

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