Common Minds: Themes from the Philosophy of Philip Pettit

Geoffrey Brennan, Robert E. Goodin, Frank Jackson, Michael Smith (eds.)

During a occupation spanning over thirty years Philip Pettit has made seminal contributions in ethical philosophy, political philosophy, philosophy of the social sciences, philosophy of brain and motion, and metaphysics. His many contributions will be outstanding adequate in themselves, yet they're made the entire extra awesome by way of the ways that Pettit connects them with one another. Pettit holds that the teachings discovered while wondering difficulties in a single zone of philosophy frequently represent ready-made recommendations to difficulties we confronted in totally different parts. His physique of labor taken as an entire presents a bright instance of what philosophy feels like while performed with that conviction.

Common Minds offers in particular written papers through one of the most eminent philosophers alive this present day, grappling with a number of the issues derived from the bigger programme that Pettit has encouraged. How are we to do the simplest we will be able to, no matter if within the area of morality or politics, provided that we're non-ideal brokers appearing in non-ideal situations? what's the normative value of the skill we need to interact in rational deliberation, either separately and jointly, approximately what to do? How are we to sq. our perception of ourselves as rational deliberators with the extra mechanistic notion of ourselves and the realm we inhabit that we get from the normal sciences? the amount concludes with a considerable piece by means of Pettit during which he supplies an outline of his paintings, attracts out the connections among its key topics, and gives a wealthy statement at the previous essays.

-A terrific selection of essays at the paintings of 1 of the main influential and extensively famous philosophers alive today
-Contributors are one of the world's best specialists of their fields
-Detailed statement by means of Pettit presents new insights into the several components of his philosophical programme

Contents:

1: Cynthia and Graham Macdonald: past application Explanation
2: Peter Menzies: psychological Causation at the application Model
3: Susan Hurley and Alva Noe: Can Hunter-Gatherers pay attention Colour
4: Thomas Scanlon: Structural Irrationality
5: Richard Holton: Freedom, Coercion and Discursive Control
6: John Ferejohn: Conversability and Deliberation
7: Jeremy Waldron: Pettit's Molecule
8: John Braithwaite: Contestatory Citizenship; Deliberative Denizenship
9: Nicola Lacey: Crime, accountability and Institutional Design
10: Rae Langton: Disenfranchised Silence
Philip Pettit: becoming a member of the Dots

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Extra resources for Common Minds: Themes from the Philosophy of Philip Pettit

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We therefore concluded by addressing an argument of Kim’s to the effect that higher-order properties could not be causally relevant, as they could not have distinctive causal powers. Kim’s conclusion, it was argued, derived from an equivocal premiss. Disambiguating that premiss destroyed the pessimistic conclusion that such properties are ‘largely useless for the purpose of causal/explanatory theories’ (Kim 1999: 33). There can be higher-order properties with distinctive causal powers, and so non-reductive monism lives on.

But we claim that the argument is not sound. In this final section we want to show that there is a sense in which it is true that downward causation is incoherent. But the route to that conclusion is significantly different from Kim’s, and leads to different consequences. In particular, it rescues the possibility of the causal relevance of (some) higher-order properties, mental ones included. The argument, as presented, shuttles between talking of the downward causal power of properties and that of their instances.

Additional argument is required in order to be entitled to conclude, from a claim about the identity of the causal power of the instance of co-instanced properties, that the two properties thus co-instanced have the same causal power. So, in our example, M 1i = P1i , it is clear that as instances they have the same causal power. But this does not by itself license the inference to the conclusion that M 1 and P1 have the same causal power, since this has to do with instances of M 1 and P1 in addition to M 1i and P1i .

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