By L A Reynolds, E M Tansey (Editors)
Medical pharmacology within the united kingdom within the Nineteen Fifties and Nineteen Sixties used to be a thrilling occupation. Many vital new medicinal drugs have been constructed and taken to marketplace and a extra systematic wisdom of drug results in people used to be wanted, in addition to making sure the security and efficacy of recent and present medications, specially following the unforeseen difficulties bobbing up from using thalidomide. This Witness Seminar an previous assembly at the historical past of the final improvement of scientific pharmacology and specializes in the advance of medical pharmacology in pharmaceutical businesses and drug law. Professor Rod Flower chaired the assembly of medical pharmacologists and others who formed the self-discipline, which mentioned the most centres of impression; the charm to scientific pharmacologists of operating in undefined; even if the decline within the variety of educational scientific pharmacologists was once paralleled in drug businesses; what drove drug legislation; and the relationships among businesses and regulatory specialists. members integrated Dr Jeffrey Aronson, Professor Nigel Baber, Sir Alasdair Breckenridge, Sir Iain Chalmers, Professor Joe Collier, Professor Donald Davies, Dr Peter Fletcher, Dr Arthur Fowle, Professor Sir Charles George, Professor David Grahame-Smith, Professor John Griffin, Dr Andrew Herxheimer, Professor Ray Hill, Dr Peter Lewis, Dr Tim Mant, Professor Denis McDevitt, Professor Michael Orme, Dr Anthony Peck, Professor Brian Prichard, Professor Sir Michael Rawlins, Professor John Reid, Professor Philip Routledge, Dr Julian Shelley, Dr Robert Smith, Professor Cameron quick, Professor Tilli Tansey, Dr Duncan Vere, and Professor Owen Wade.
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By 1984 it was taking 23 months. Abridged applications were another problem. I dealt with the problem of clinical trial certificates and something having to be done then. In 1982 we had an investigation by Sir Derek Rayner, later Lord Rayner, who suggested that abridged applications should all be dealt with within two months. We had 6 000 applications for abridged applications, variations and generics per year. That meant that if all the medical staff were directed to dealing with this, they would have to deal with two applications such as this per day, in addition to dealing with clinical trial certificates, clinical trial exemptions, product licences for new chemical entities, adverse drug reactions and the review of 19 000 product licences of right still outstanding; an impossible task and grossly under-resourced.
I think one of the sad things is that walls are being set up between academia, the NHS and the industry. We should all be working together in this, and I’m hoping that with the way the government is supporting translational medicine at the moment we will see better partnerships between industry, academia and the NHS. That’s my hope. Baber: I want to support something that Tim said, and also to come back to your original question: is there such a thing as the pharmaceutical industry, as opposed to individual companies?
We were very snooty to begin with and excluded CROs and this was evidently wrong, but at that stage most major companies had got their own trials units. We opened the invitation also to non-medics right from the inception. We believed it was very important that we had nurses and CRAs who were doing hands-on work. So, at that stage, a 15 Clinical Pharmacology in the UK, c. 1950–2000: Industry and regulation number of us who were relatively senior in the industry were worried about this potential divide between industry and academia.