Clinical Judgment: A Critical Appraisal: Proceedings of the by Michael Scriven (auth.), Hugo Tristram Engelhardt Jr.,

By Michael Scriven (auth.), Hugo Tristram Engelhardt Jr., Stuart F. Spicker, Bernard Towers (eds.)

Over a interval of a 12 months, the symposium on medical judgment has taken form as a quantity dedicated to the research of the way wisdom claims are framed in medication and the way offerings of therapy are made. we are hoping it is going to come up with the money for the reader, no matter if layman, health care provider or thinker, an invaluable standpoint at the technique of figuring out what happens in drugs; and that the result of the dis­ cussions on the 5th Symposium on Philosophy and medication will bring about a greater figuring out of the way philosophy and medication can usefully problem one another. because the interchange among physicians, philosophers, nurses and psychologists recorded within the significant papers, the commentaries and the around desk dialogue indicates, those matters are really interdisciplinary. particularly, they've got proven that individuals of the health and wellbeing care professions have a lot to benefit approximately themselves from philosophers in addition to a lot of curiosity to have interaction philosophers. through making the constitution of scientific reasoning extra obvious to its clients, philosophers can express well-being care practitioners how higher to grasp medical judgment and the way higher to concentration it in the direction of the products and values drugs needs to pursue. changing into clearer concerning the means of figuring out can in brief educate us the right way to recognize higher and the way to profit extra successfully. the outcome should be greater than (though it definitely will be enough!) a robust highbrow perception right into a significant cultural pastime, medicine.

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Additional info for Clinical Judgment: A Critical Appraisal: Proceedings of the Fifth Trans-Disciplinary Symposium on Philosophy and Medicine Held at Los Angeles, California, April 14–16, 1977

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University of California at Berkeley Berkeley, California NOTES 1 It is of course the work of Robyn Dawes [2] and others interacting with him to which I refer. 2 My thanks to Robyn Dawes for this update in a personal conversation. 3 Thanks to Bob Wilson for suggesting the relationship. 4 This line of argument is the basis of the most ingenious attack on computer simulation extant - Bert Dreyfus in What Computers Can't Do [3]. BIBLIOGRAPHY l. : 1964, Current Issues in Linguistic Theory, Humanities Press, New Jersey.

6. Elstein, A. , Shulman, L. : 1978, Medical Problem Solving: An Analysis of Clinical Reasoning, Harvard University Press, Cambridge, Mass. 7. : 1974, Use of Radiologists' Subjective Probability Estimates in Medical Decision Making Problem, Mathematical Psychology Program, Department of Psychology, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor. 28 ARTHUR S. ELSTEIN 8. Gettys, C. , and Peterson, C. : 1973, 'The Best-Guess Hypothesis in Multistage Inference', Organizational Behavior and Human Performance 10, 364373.

ELSTEIN performance to the decisions reached by statistical rules. The statistical approaches most commonly used are Bayes' theorem and regression equations derived from samples of judgments previously made. A great deal of this research has shown that statistical formulas can adequately model the meaningful variance in diagnostic judgment and can even surpass the accuracy of the judge from whose decisions a particular judgmental policy has been constructed [4, 10, II, 17,23]. So far, much has been said in favor of formal statistical approaches to clinical inference.

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