Clinical Biomechanics and Related Research by Hidetake Yamamoto, Tsuneo Hirai, Tsutao Katayama, Yasusuke

By Hidetake Yamamoto, Tsuneo Hirai, Tsutao Katayama, Yasusuke Hirasawa, Nozomu Inoue (auth.), Yasusuke Hirasawa M.D., Ph.D., Clement Blount Sledge M.D., Savio Lau-Yuen Woo Ph.D. (eds.)

Clinical biomechanics is a speedily altering box with an more and more vast attraction. whereas the center topics of biomechanics stay the habit of bones, joints, ligaments, and muscle tissues, this booklet specializes in extra scientific facets akin to synthetic joints, tissue transplantations, and the consequences of ailment on biomechanical homes. additionally featured are detailed experiences of the hand, backbone, vascular process, and the research of three-d movement.
Based at the twentieth Annual assembly of the japanese Society for scientific Biomechanics and comparable study, this ebook presents an outline of the topic in addition to describing many intriguing new techniques and leading edge equipment for studying biomechanical structures. it's going to allure throughout a large spectrum of professions, proving crucial to all people from orthopedic surgeons to engineers with an curiosity in biology.

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Overlapping the tensile and compressive stress distributions, the stresses almost cover in the entire area of the mandible. Figure lla,b shows the equivalent stress distributions related to the shearing strain energy for the models A and B, respectively. Looking at these results, we notice that there is not a highly stressed portion around condyles (joint portions) compared with other portions. It may be explained that the portions around condyles look slightly built. For the nonsymmetrical model, high stress distributes on the working side (stronger biting side), but also distributes considerably on the balancing side.

Lakes RS, Katz JL, Sternstein SS (1979) Viscoelastic properties of wet cortical bone: I. Torsional and biaxial studies. J Biomech 12:657-678 9. Shirasaki Y, Tateishi T (1985) Mechanical properties and internal structure of bone sampies from horses with and without suffering fracture (in Japanese). Proc Annu Meet Jpn Soc Orthop Biomech 7:181-184 10. Shirasaki Y, Tateishi T (1986) Mechanical properties and internal structure of horse bone 11 (in Japanese). Proc Annu Meet Jpn Soc Orthop Biomech 8:79-82 11.

1. Cross seetion of the mandible modeled for finite element analysis Fig. 2. a Distribution of principal stress from finite-element analysis . b Trabecular pattern at molar region on mandible in human specimen with high frequency . Sofid fine, tensile trabeculae; dotted fin e, compressive trabeculae 58 M. Sogo et al. High Mean ........ ....... 7"7":n Low VOID elemen ts 4 3 Fig. 3. Finite element model of the mandible cross section : 1, Tooth; 2, periodontium; 3, cortical bone; 4, bone element; 5, void element; Li, lingual site; Bu, buccal site Fig.

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