By Michael Richard Thomas Dumper, Bruce Stanley
It is a finished reference paintings on significant old and sleek towns within the center East and North Africa from their beginnings to the current day. The editors offer 5000 years of ancient assurance as they hint the complete trajectory of every urban, talk about ties to different towns and current a comparative research of the area. The A-Z entries characteristic information regarding each one citys situation, geography, demographics, weather and environmental matters, old and classical heritage, Islamic historical past, post-1800 CE background, structure, spiritual importance, cultural concerns, society, municipal gains, monetary matters and modern developments. Introductory essays discover normal historical past and historiography, city making plans and modernization, poverty, interplay among towns, social welfare, tradition, id matters and where of those towns in the international economic system.
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Extra info for Cities of the Middle East and North Africa: A Historical Encyclopedia
Visitors are also drawn to the tomb of Baha Allah, the prophet of the Bahai faith; he was exiled to the city with many followers by the Ottomans in 1868, served nine years in Acre Prison, and is buried in the city. The underground Crusader ruins, in particular the Knights’ Halls, are one of Acre’s major sights. Accidentally exposed by a bulldozer conducting roadwork, the long-buried Crusader hall, with its dramatic vaulted ceiling, has been restored and is now the jewel of Acre’s attractions. Built by the Hospitallers, the great hall’s wonderful acoustics allow it to be used for a range of cultural events.
The eastern territory of the country was nonetheless attractive to the as-Saud, who had reasserted their authority in the Najd at the turn of the century and were turning their sights elsewhere as they sought to expand their holdings. The capture of the town gave the as-Saud effective control of the eastern region of what is now Saudi Arabia. The eastern province, and with it ad-Dammam, became a part of the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia in 1932. But adDammam remained a backwater until Standard Oil Company of California moved in during 1935 to search for oil around the Dammam Dome area.
Over the next century, although Aden remained involved in trade, it began to decline. The Ottomans were hated by the locals, and their governor, anticipating trouble, passed regulations stating that Arabs were not allowed to own weapons, visiting sailors were not allowed to sell their weapons to Arabs, and any Arab who bought weapons would pay with their life. The Zaydi state in the Yemeni highlands began its rise in the sixteenth century and was able to expand into Aden, dominating the Sunni there and kicking out the Ottomans in 1630 (see also “Sanaa”).