By Deborah Stevenson
*What is unique approximately city life?*What key tendencies have formed the modern city?*How have town and concrete cultures been defined by means of sociology and cultural studies?This is the 1st e-book to discover towns and concrete lifestyles from the views of either sociology and cultural conception. via an interdisciplinary process and use of case fabric, the ebook demonstrates that the 'real' urban of physicality and fight and the 'imagined' urban of representations are entwined within the development of city cultures.Starting with a comparability of the agricultural and the city, the publication considers methods of imagining the town and of conceptualising city cultures. It is going directly to examine the results of numerous pivotal city and cultural traits, comparable to using the humanities and native cultures in urban re-imaging, and the ways that modernism, postmodernism and globalisation have formed the outfitted setting and the orientation of educational enquiry. additionally tested is the way representations of the city panorama in movie, literature, paintings, and well known texts, have expert dominant principles concerning the manner definite urban areas - together with urban centres, city waterfronts, and so-called 'global towns' - should still glance, functionality and 'feel'.Designed as a textual content for undergraduate classes in cultural reports, sociology and wider social technological know-how, this booklet strains the advance of city environments from the 19th century to the current, and illuminates the character of city existence.
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Extra info for Cities and Urban Cultures (Issues in Cultural and Media Studies)
The degree of reaction varied . . between those who accepted great cities as agents of civilization, but tried to transform them by liberal injections of “the advantages of the countryside”, and those who rejected them altogether’ (Girouard 1986: 348). Ideas about how to rebuild the industrial city in a way that would ameliorate the urban (usually by making them more like the country) developed apace in the late nineteenth century. These urban reform views pivoted on utopian visions that can be traced back at least to the work of Thomas More ( 1996) in the early sixteenth century.
But, where one view (the city as Babylon) regarded the city as a place from which to escape, the other saw it as being (like Jerusalem) a place to be rebuilt and remade into a better place – an urban utopia. ‘The degree of reaction varied . . between those who accepted great cities as agents of civilization, but tried to transform them by liberal injections of “the advantages of the countryside”, and those who rejected them altogether’ (Girouard 1986: 348). Ideas about how to rebuild the industrial city in a way that would ameliorate the urban (usually by making them more like the country) developed apace in the late nineteenth century.
Natural areas (zones) developed, it was argued, not as a result of the rational interventions of planners, but as outcomes of people’s adaptive responses to urban life and the processes or forces of urban development. The focus was very much at the neighbourhood level and on identifying homogeneity within neighbourhoods and the differences between them. Assessments of zones were usually made with reference to a single descriptive demographic indicator, such as race or ethnicity, although they also argued that a feature of every city was a dominant central business zone ringed by a transitional zone of urban decay and heterogeneity.