By Arietta Slade, Dennie Palmer Wolf
As they play, young children do greater than imagine--they additionally invent life-long methods to pondering, feeling, and on the subject of other folks. for almost a century, medical psychologists were interested in the content material and interpersonal that means of play. extra lately, developmental psychologists have focused on the hyperlinks among the emergence of symbolic play and evolving concept and language. eventually, this quantity bridges the distance among the 2 disciplines via defining their universal pursuits and through constructing parts of interface and interrelatedness. The editors have introduced jointly unique chapters by way of unusual psychoanalysts, medical psychologists, social employees, and developmental psychologists who make clear themes open air the normal confines in their respective domain names. therefore the e-book good points clinicians exploring topics equivalent to play illustration, narrative, metaphor, and symbolization, and developmentalists analyzing questions relating to impact, social improvement, clash, and psychopathology. Taken jointly, the members supply a wealthy, integrative view of the numerous dimensions of early play because it happens between friends, among mum or dad and baby, and within the context of remedy.
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Extra info for Children at Play: Clinical and Developmental Approaches to Meaning and Representation
The child learns in the natural way of give-and-take that his own anger does not frighten the world or cause its disorganization. He learns that such intense feelings are not dangerous as the parents interact with him in a differented way at such times. Thus, the youngster incorporates the quality of their responses. Similarly, when the child has strong feelings about sensual urges or dependency needs, no matter how intense, adaptive parents will remain engaged around this issue, at times setting appropriate limits.
The child is recognized as an agent whose behavior deserves and receives a response, even if it is not the response desired by the child. Noncontingent responses are likely to be the most maladaptive because they involve the adult's ignoring the child, either through gross misreading of the child's message or through avoidance, thereby undermining her self-nonself boundary. The child's signals and communications are simply not taken into account by the adult, and thus deprive the child of a sense of herself as a causal agent in eliciting responses from the adults she tries to address.
Erikson, E. (1940). Studies in interpretation of play: I. Clinical observations of play disruption in young children. Genetic Psychology Monographs, 22, 557-671. Erikson, E. (1943). Clinical studies in childhood play. In R. C. Barker et al. ), Child behavior and development (pp. 411-428). New York: McGraw-Hill. Fein, G. (1975). A transformational analysis of pretending. Developmental Psychology, 11, 291-296. Fein, G. (1981). Pretend play in childhood: An integrative review. Child Development, 52, 1095-1118.