By John Connelly
This comparative background of the better schooling platforms in Poland, East Germany, and the Czech lands unearths an unforeseen variety inside of East eu stalinism. With info gleaned from files in each one of those areas, John Connelly bargains a useful case learn displaying how totalitarian states adapt their guidelines to the contours of the societies they rule.
The Communist dictum that universities be purged of "bourgeois components" was once finished such a lot absolutely in East Germany, the place a growing number of scholars got here from employee and peasant backgrounds. however the Polish get together saved most likely disloyal professors at the task within the futile wish that they might educate a brand new intelligentsia, and Czech stalinists didn't make employee and peasant scholars a majority at Czech universities.
Connelly bills for those variations by way of exploring the prestalinist historical past of those international locations, and especially their reports in international struggle II. The failure of Polish and Czech leaders to remodel their universities turned fairly obtrusive throughout the crises of 1968 and 1989, whilst collage scholars spearheaded reform hobbies. In East Germany, in contrast, universities remained precise to the kingdom to the top, and scholars have been particularly absent from the revolution of 1989.
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Extra info for Captive University: The Sovietization of East German, Czech, and Polish Higher Education, 1945-1956
Now the SED could go on to make the new student body not only proletarian but also politically loyal. Indeed, political demands were now made of student applicants — for example, membership DYNAMICS AND AVENUES 35 in a "democratic organization" — that were not paralleled in the Czech lands or in Poland. Similarly, having removed hundreds of faculty members, the SED could move on to "training" a new generation of academics. At Soviet urging, the Central Education Administration (DVV) began recruiting students for graduate study as early as 1947.
21 There were certain practical limitations to these measures. Students without qualifications could not succeed, and therefore the Commissariat supported the creation of "worker faculties" (rabfaki), which gave workers high school equivalency in three to four years' time. In 1919 the rabfaki were made full-fledged departments of higher-education institutions, and their students came to enjoy the same rights as other students. Those desiring admission had to present a note from a factory committee or a Communist SYSTEMS OF HIGHER EDUCATION 25 cell certifying endorsement of the Soviet regime.
After three days journey by air and rail, Pelikan finally arrived in Moscow, where he and his compatriots were hustled onto a sightseeing program, which culminated in the 7 November parade on Red Square, where he caught a glimpse of Stalin. Yet, with the end of the trip quickly approaching, Pelikan became impatient to fulfill the "real purpose" of his journey. A meeting was thus hastily arranged in the Central Committee of the Soviet youth organization Komsomol: The comrade listened to my report without great interest.