By Dr Francesco d'Errico, Jean-Marie Hombert
Few subject matters of medical enquiry have attracted extra realization within the final decade than the foundation and evolution of language. Few have provided an an identical highbrow problem for interdisciplinary collaborations among linguistics, cognitive technological know-how, prehistoric archaeology, palaeoanthropology, genetics, neurophysiology, computing device technological know-how and robotics. The contributions awarded during this quantity mirror the multiplicity of pursuits and learn procedure used to take on this complicated factor, summarize new suitable info and rising theories, offer an up-to-date view of this interdisciplinary enterprise, and, while attainable, search a destiny during this wide box of analysis.
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Additional info for Becoming Eloquent: Advances in the emergence of language, human cognition, and modern cultures
A buried fragment of rock painting, probably fallen from the ceiling of the shelter, has been found at Carpenter’s Gap, North of Western Australia, in a layer dated to 39 ka (O’Connor 1995). Although undecipherable, because of its fragmentary nature, this painting confirms that pigment was used in Australia in symbolic activities and was applied on a variety of media since the continent was first colonised. In summary, prior to 40 ka there are isolated depictions associated with Neanderthals in Europe, Neanderthals and modern humans in the Near East, and modern humans or archaic Homo sapiens in Africa.
Sapiens (d’Errico et al. 1998, 2003). They differ from their 100 ka -70 ka years antecedents in that they take the form of dozen of discrete types identifying regional patterns (Vanhaeren & d’Errico 2006). Â€2007, photos d’Errico and Vanhaeren). Scale bars = 1 cm. In Asia, eleven EUP sites from Siberia and in particular from the Altai and West Baikal have yielded personal ornaments (see d’Errico & Vanhaeren 2007 for a synthesis). Some of them were recovered from sites (Denisova, Podzvonkaya, Khotyk, Kara-Bom, Maloyalomanskaia) that are at least as old as the Aurignacian in Europe (37 ka) and could well be contemporaneous with the earliest European Upper Palaeolithic (40 ka).
So it is all the more remarkable to find suggestions of such continuity with even earlier, Aurignacian practices. Isturitz’s Aurignacian pipe resembles the Gravettian in several ways: firstly in choice of bone and competence of manufacture; secondly, exhibiting as many as three, probably more, well-formed fingerholes with obliquely angled finger-orientations; thirdly, in their embodiment of two different spacings, the wider space (between holes 2 and 3) bearing divisional incisions; and finally, the same plain, polished terminal, if the surviving end is indeed the instrument’s proximal end.