By Everett C. Ladd
This paintings lines how the difficulty of our surroundings emerged in public opinion within the mid-1960s, turned a public icon within the Seventies, and has on account that matured within the public brain. It analyses americans' expectancies for the surroundings and their willingness to spend and paintings for these ambitions.
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Extra resources for Attitudes Toward the Environment: Twenty-Five Years After Earth Day
27 Contemporary studies indicated that the most common form of risk communication, ‘top-down’, was not successful in alleviating public fears. 30 The development of dialogue risk communication techniques was welcomed among both industry and regulators, especially in the USA. 32 Public/interest group participation is identified as important in rebuilding the legitimacy of the decision-making process33 and has prompted an expansion of university-based centres on risk communication and consultancies.
Cooperation is the norm between the various policy-making branches. 6 In addition, unlike their American contemporaries, the courts seldom play an enforcer role. Until recently, citizens and special interest groups were unable to sue regulators or industry over proposed legislations. In effect, the executive was virtually untouchable by those opposed to the regulatory process. In Germany, legal agreements are reached through consensus between industry and the regulators. German industries demand legislative perfection, limiting the discretion of the bureaucrats.
To cope with such situations, regulatory bodies should test, preferably via face-to-face, in-depth interview surveys, on a frequent basis to see whether they have public trust; and, if they do not have it, they should try to discover why not. Proactive regulation is more likely to gain public trust Proactive regulators, who act before a crisis is at hand, can increase public trust. Those regulators who act retrospectively and end up ‘fire-fighting’ with a wide array of interest groups will only increase public distrust.