Asphalt Children and City Streets: A Life, a City, and a by Monica Mesquita, Sal Restivo, Ubiratan D'Ambrosio

By Monica Mesquita, Sal Restivo, Ubiratan D'Ambrosio

THIS paintings EXPLORES THE city studies OF highway teenagers IN SAO PAULO, BRAZIL throughout the MATHEMATICAL EPISTEMIC REGIMES on the middle in their SURVIVAL options. WE additionally DRAW awareness TO the location OF road childrens throughout TIME, house, tradition, AND background. OUR aim IS TO realize, comprehend, AND VALIDATE varieties of arithmetic developed AND USED outdoors OF THE verified associations OF MATHEMATICAL construction. WE BASE OUR research ON "THE MATHEMATICAL IMAGINATION", which pulls jointly SOCIAL CONSTRUCTIONISM AND ETHNOMATHEMATICS. THEORETICALLY, WE DRAW seriously at the DURKHEIMIAN culture IN SOCIOLOGY AND ANTHROPOLOGY. WE concentrate on a sort OF perform THAT hyperlinks THE FORMAL AND THE casual IN ORDER to gain the whole strength OF MATHEMATICAL wisdom AS A SOCIAL factor (IN DURKHEIM'S SENSE), A manufactured from THE COLLECTIVE awareness THAT EXPRESSES COLLECTIVE REALITIES AND a class of information current IN each tradition. this is often AS real FOR arithmetic on the MARGINS because it IS for pro arithmetic. OUR paintings CONTRIBUTES TO AN rising POLITICAL MANIFESTO OF THE MARGINAL THAT DEMONSTRATES THE SOCIAL REALITIES AND SOCIAL energy in their arithmetic. THIS publication could be OF curiosity TO SOCIAL SCIENTISTS, scholars OF arithmetic AND ETHNOMATHEMATICS, and everybody attracted to the placement OF MARGINALIZED young ones.

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Additional info for Asphalt Children and City Streets: A Life, a City, and a Case Study of History, Culture, and Ethnomathematics in São Paulo

Example text

Knowledge is both a collective representation and a category of selection inside of society. To make compatible and to subordinate are the actions that are necessary to recognize in any society in order to understand that the behaviors are socially developed, according to the rules and regulations – with their margins of flexibility - of that society. These behaviors are in constant movement, being recreated by intelligent lives to structure the movement of society. They are a collective representation and a model inside of society.

Rather, we must know about the existence of a centre of power and of ethics and consider that both could be withheld by someone, institutionally. Ethics and power appear as crucial articulators in the capacity of the human beings to decide by themselves. Here we do not mean “decide” or “choose” in some magical unsocialized sense. Rather, we mean to decide or choose without the salient presence of constraining forces in the form of real representatives of, for example and most importantly, the state or religion.

Durkheim discusses the source of the experience that religious feelings are “outside” of us or emanating from within us as a spiritual voice, the voice of the soul through which God speaks to and guides us. He thus identifies the origin of the sense of transcendence and immanence. This still confuses some of our most imaginative, intelligent, and creative intellectuals and scholars, for it is a consequence of not recognizing the social level of our existence, society sui generis. The continuing defense of Platonic mathematics is founded on the same basis; mathematicians and logicians who cannot ground their experiences, who insist upon the certainty and indubitability of their results, locate them outside of society, history, and culture.

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