By Daniel E Harmon
The North African state of Algeria turned self sustaining in 1962 after a brutal eight-year-long conflict opposed to France. In 1991 a emerging Islamist circulation within the nation ended in a civil warfare that lasted for greater than a decade. this present day the battling is over and Algerians are trying to place the tragedies of the previous at the back of them and rebuild their nation.
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Additional info for Algeria (Africa: Continent in the Balance)
July Independence Day is July 5. This marks the day that Algerians gained independence from France in 1962. November November 1 is celebrated as Revolution Day. It marks the beginning of the long fight for independence from France, which began on November 1, 1954.
Kabyles are famous in Algerian history for their series of revolts against the French administration during the late 1800s. Today, the jamaa continue to be a source for leadership even though the Algerian government has established civil administrations. 52 Algeria The Chaouia inhabit the Aurès Mountains in eastern Algeria. Where possible, Chaouia grow grain and cultivate orchards. In less farmable areas, they herd livestock from pasture to pasture, following the seasons in a quest for adequate grazing.
Was not 37 38 Algeria Arab leaders meet to form the Union of the Arab Maghreb in 1989. The Union established trade agreements between North African nations. However, because of rivalries between Algeria and Morocco, the Union has not met since the 1990s. only allied with France but was also in the midst of the Cold War. American leaders were not sure what to make of the socialist Algerian government. However, the situation has changed. In July 2001 President Bouteflika visited the White House, the first Algerian president to do so in 15 years.