Advances in International Management, Volume 21: The Global by J.J. Lawler, G.S. Hundley

By J.J. Lawler, G.S. Hundley

The aggressive forces generated via globalization act to advertise the cross-national diffusion of human source administration 'best practices'. particularly, excessive functionality paintings practices have emerge as seen because the typical as businesses in lots of components of the area have endeavored to 'Americanize' their employment and administration structures. but cultural, institutional, and ideological forces proceed to supply resistance to the worldwide convergence of HR practices. This quantity comprises papers from authors in Europe, Asia, Africa, and US who discover diffusion in quite a few nationwide contexts. assorted methodologies and views supply more than a few interpretations concerning diffusion and convergence.

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Schneider, B. (1987). The people make the place. Personnel Psychology, 40, 437–453. , Goldstein, H. , & Smith, D. B. (1995). The ASA framework: An update. Personnel Psychology, 48, 747–773. , & Cooper, C. L. (2003). The employment relationship: Key challenges for HR. Butterworth-Heinemann. CRISTINA SIMO´N AND GAYLE ALLARD 30 APPENDIX Table A1. High Competitiveness Group Sweden Finland Ireland Denmark France Switzerland Middle Competitiveness Group Norway United Kingdom Belgium Netherlands Germany Austria Italy Table A2.

The HR practices in the Japanese plants reflected management’s attempt to operate with a stable and motivated workforce for this type of plant. The Malaysian units, on the other hand, carried out the more labor-intensive production work and used less complex technology that can be operated by largely unskilled workers. The HR practices that meshed with this type of operation focused on cost minimization, including numerical flexibility, tight supervision, and little in the way of training. In an extension of this work, Wilkinson and Morris (2001, p.

S. MNCs has shown how a strong American element to international HRM exists, something that is evident in the transfer of domestically conceived practices in the areas of variable pay and direct communication with staff. S. MNCs (see Edwards & Ferner, 2002, for a review). Many of the empirical studies of MNCs in China also demonstrate this tension between global and local influences. , British, and Japanese firms in Hong Kong produced evidence of a global aspect in the form of national cultural influences from the parent countries leading to significant differences between the national groups.

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