Advances in Immunology, Vol. 46 by Frank J. (Editor) Dixon

By Frank J. (Editor) Dixon

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Extra resources for Advances in Immunology, Vol. 46

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The complete human Cp region contains 173 amino acids. The T cell receptor 0-chain polypeptide contains two intrachain disulfide linkages; one spans 63 to 69 residues of the variable region, and a second spans 60 residues in the extracellular domain of the constant region. Furthermore, many of the amino acids thought to be important in the formation of the immunoglobulin homology unit and in stabilizing heavy and light chain interactions in immunoglobulins are conserved in the T cell receptor 0 chain.

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Specific examples of restricted gene segment rearrangement are evidenced by both the mouse T cell receptor y-chain locus and the mouse immunoglobulin X light chain locus. In both of these gene families, the association pattern of V and J gene segments is highly restricted. The organizations of these loci indicate that they most likely arose from duplications of ancestral V-J-C clusters. Furthermore, both of these loci have a very limited repertoire of V gene segments. This limited repertoire is reflected by the relatively minor (5%) contribution of A-chain polypeptides to the light chain pool in the mouse, as well as the limited diversity of mouse 7-6 T cell receptors.

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