By D. V. Bates (auth.), Ulrich Mohr Prof. Dr. med., David V. Bates M.D., F.R.C.P., F.R.C.P.C., F.A.C.P., F.R.S.C., H. Fabel Prof. Dr. med., Mark J. Utell M.D. (eds.)
Advances in managed medical Inhalation reports represents medical paintings offered on the third overseas Inhalation Symposium held 1991 in Hannover, FRG. The symposium lined the hot advancements during this box of analysis. the most toxins of curiosity have been acid aerosols, fog, and indoor toxins, whereas in regards to organic results, an emphasis used to be put on immunotoxicological and biochemical parameters. assessments on excessive threat teams have been additionally thought of. preliminary chapters describe the open air setting in addition to indoor air, dimension and caliber - either at domestic and within the office. along with tools for medical inhalation and assessing own publicity, new methodologies are rather awarded. additional chapters specialise in the relevance of scientific information for regulatory decisions.
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Dentistry of New Jersey, Dept. , 675 Hoes Lane, Piscataway, NJ 08854-5635, USA Introduction Primary public health issues associated with air pollution in the United States involve ozone (and other oxidants), toxic organic substances, and possibly acidic particles. The precursor pollutant sources are common for oxidants and acid aerosols, and each can accumulate in urban and rural areas. National Ambient Air Quality Standards (NAAQS) presently exist for ozone (0 3), the nitrogen oxides, carbon monoxide, particulate matter, sulfur dioxide, and lead.
A virtual "ozone river" was described from the Gulf coast through to the Northeast during 1977 when many monitors recorded daily maximum levels of 0 3 > 100ppb on 1 or more days (Wolff and Lioy 1980). The transport of oxidants to different urban and rural areas will, in fact, range from urban to synoptic scale (Table 2) (US EPA 1985). The extent of accumulation of oxidant species can range from <10 km to thousands of km during a particular photochemical smog episode. Ozone Exposure Paul et al. (1987) used the features of mesoscale 0 3 and oxidant production to estimate human exposure within urban locations in the USA.
WHO, Bilthoven, pp 14-19 Yocum JE (1982) Indoor-outdoor air quality relationships: a critical review. J Air Pollut Control Assoc 32:500-520 Section 2. Indoor Air: Home and Workplace Investigation of Indoor Air Pollution Sources in Climate Chambers: Emissions from Textile Floor Coverings S. SOLLlNGERl and K. LEVSEN 2 Akzo Research Laboratories, W-8753 Obernburg, FRG Fraunhofer-Institut fUr Toxikologie und Aerosoliorschung, Nikolai-Fuchs-StraBe 1, W-3000 Hannover 61, FRG 1 2 Introduction While the pollution of both outdoor and occupational atmospheres by chemicals has received considerable attention for many years, it is only recently that scientists have become aware that non-occupational indoor air is also contaminated by a large variety of inorganic and in particular organic compounds, the concentrations of which frequently exceed those of outdoor air by a factor of up to 10 (Seifert 1987; Hawthorne et al.