By Johann Gottlieb Fichte, Gregory Moore
This is often the 1st translation of Fichte's addresses to the German state for nearly a hundred years. The sequence of 14 speeches, introduced while Berlin used to be lower than French profession after Prussia's disastrous defeat on the conflict of Jena in 1806, is generally considered as a founding rfile of German nationalism, celebrated and reviled in equivalent degree. Fichte's account of the uniqueness of the German humans and his trust within the local superiority of its tradition helped to form German nationwide id in the course of the 19th century and past. With an intensive creation that places Fichte's argument in its highbrow and ancient context, this variation brings an enormous and seminal paintings to a latest readership. all the traditional sequence positive aspects are supplied, together with notes for additional examining, chronology, and short biographies of key individuals.
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Additional info for Addresses to the German Nation (Cambridge Texts in the History of Political Thought)
That inclination is a cowardly flight from one’s own thoughts, a childish attitude of mind which seems to believe that, if only one does not see one’s misery or at least refuses to admit to oneself that one does, this misery is thereby also abolished in reality, just as it is abolished in one’s thoughts. By contrast, it is a sign of manly courage to fix one’s gaze upon the evil, to require it to hold its ground, to penetrate it calmly, coldly, and freely, and to resolve it into its component parts.
He were no enemy of the ostrich who cried out: ‘Open your eyes, see the hunter coming! ’ II. Extensive freedom of expression and the press in Machiavelli’s age In sequel to the previous section, and because one reader or another is perhaps wondering how what I have just reported could have been said by Machiavelli,1 it might be worth the trouble, at the beginning of the nineteenth century and from the vantage-point of those countries that boast of the highest freedom of thought, to cast a glance at the freedom of expression and the press that prevailed at the beginning of the sixteenth century in Italy and in the papal seat of Rome.
Friedrich de la Motte Fouque´, better known as a writer of romantic tales, drew on the conjectures in the Fourth Address in Etwas u¨ber den deutschen Adel (1819) and Der Mensch des Su¨dens und der Mensch des Nordens (1829), but gave them a narrower, more exclusivist sense. For Fouque´ the Germans are a race possessed of a Fichtean original language which confers on them a distinctive attitude of mind: their seriousness, moral fortitude, sensitivity and religiosity set them apart from the degeneracy of the ‘romanised Teutons’ [verwelschte Germanen] west of the Rhine.