By Eric VanMarcke
This file offers the important instruments engineers and choice makers have to larger comprehend applicable threat methods and the way these procedures can allow them to boost chance aid ideas and enforce mitigation activities to lessen lifeline losses from destiny earthquakes. as the disruption of lifelines from normal risks has an instantaneous influence at the world’s neighborhood economies and the well-being of its electorate, you will need to comprehend typical risks, how they could influence lifelines, and what will be performed to lessen the influence once they happen. those 3 parts and the methods used to behave upon them have an effect on judgements that contain appropriate possibility methods. the subject of 'acceptable possibility' offers a technique of bringing built-in platforms probability reviews for catastrophe explicitly right into a decision-making context. issues contain technical concerns; possibility standards concerns; and communique, management, and laws concerns
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Additional info for Acceptable Risk Processes: Lifelines and Natural Hazards
Indeed, a 30% risk of losing $3,000,000 may not be unacceptable to the contractor and she may therefore like to go for an alternative that will be the least risky from a technical point of view. Even the 10% chance of losing $4,000,000 may make alternative C more attractive to her than alternative B. What this shows is that the value of profit is different for different people. Similarly, the value of loss is also different for different people. The value of profit and the value of loss are also different for the same amount of money.
The penalty is about $25/m3. (3) The owner can pay a small amount of penalty and abate pollution to some extent. It is assumed that the owner decides to treat about 70% of the wastewater and pays a penalty for the remaining 30%. From the perspective of the plant owner, the less the cost is, the better. Other factors, such as environmental and social consequences, are not as important as economic ones. Find the least-cost solution. Solution The least-cost solution or option can be determined using EMV.
The data screening or exploratory data analysis can be done by representing the data set using visual techniques, such as bar graphs, pie graphs, histograms, or other kinds of pictorial portrayals. Graphical descriptors are useful to grasp the data characteristics and for determining the family to which the random variable under study belongs. For discrete random variables, it is often possible to determine the appropriate family from a physical description of an engineering system. In a continuous case, it is generally more difficult to determine the family of a random variable.