A Short History of Africa: From the Origins of the Human by Gordon Kerr

By Gordon Kerr

A comprehensive creation to the sprawling heritage of this huge, immense continent, from the sunrise of human time in prehistoric Africa all over to Arab Spring

Beginning with the origins of the human race and the advance of stone age expertise, this background of the cradle of civilization strikes via old and medieval occasions, the importance of the Arab presence, the Muslim states, and the trans-Saharan trade. It maintains with the increase and fall of country states and kingdoms ahead of the coming of Europeans, Ghana, the Kingdoms of the wooded area and Savanna, Yoruba, Oyo, Benin, Asante, Luba, Lunda, Lozil, etc, directly to the start of the slave alternate, and the ecu conquest and colonization of sub-Saharan Africa, the "Scramble for Africa." ultimately relocating onto the usually sour struggles for independence from that interval of colonization and exploitation, it concludes with an evaluate of Africa within the twenty first century.

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In Israel, although traditional family values remain strong, the nature of the democracy’s stressing gender equality and rights has impacted the traditional cultural structure. Additionally, Israel has a strong work ethic, and this factor increases tension with the traditional family structure. The early pioneers who came to the area prior to the establishment of Israel possessed a strong work ethic and espoused gender equality in the workplace. The socialist ideology of the Kibbutzim—communal agricultural settlements—offered childcare in the form of communal child rearing and allowed women to work unencumbered.

20 The law also provides for equal pay and treatment of both genders. IRAN Under the Qajar Dynasty in Iran, which held power from 1779–1925, several key changes with regards to women’s role in society occurred. A constitutional revolution took place in 1906 calling for more rights for the population. Reform for Iran’s women came later than for women of the Ottoman Empire. The first girls’ school was opened in Teheran in 1907, followed by a teacher training college in 1918, and, ultimately, access to university education in 1936.

Upper class women stayed mostly in the home, but used their wealth to deal in real estate. Few women were involved in commerce, since that would require them, in the course of doing business, to come into contact with men who were not their relatives. In the 15th century, elite women who wanted to get an education were permitted to do so, and this impacted upon their work opportunities. They studied a variety of religious topics including sharia, Qu’ran, and hadith. Since women such as Muhammad’s wives and other female relatives transmitted many hadith, this fact opened the door to women studying and teaching the traditions.

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