A New Target Detector Based on Geometrical Perturbation by Armando Marino

By Armando Marino

This thesis offers a groundbraking method for the radar foreign neighborhood. The detection technique brought, specifically perturbation research, is completey novel displaying a striking potential of pondering open air the field. Perturbation research is ready to push ahead the functionality limits of present algorithms, permitting the detection of goals smaller than the solution phone and hugely embedded in litter. The method itself is amazing flexibe and has already been utilized in different huge tasks, funded via the ESA (European area Agency): M-POL for maritime surveillance, and DRAGON-2 for land type with specific consciousness to forests. This e-book is a wonderfully organised piece of labor the place each aspect and viewpoint is considered so as to offer a entire imaginative and prescient of the issues and solutions.

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Additional resources for A New Target Detector Based on Geometrical Perturbation Filters for Polarimetric Synthetic Aperture Radar (POL-SAR)

Sample text

Exs 1 S11 S12 Exi s pffiffiffiffiffiffiffiffiffi : ¼ ð2:33Þ E ¼ Eys S21 S22 Eyi 2pr2 The matrix S ½SŠ ¼ 11 S21 S12 S22 ! ð2:34Þ is called the scattering (or Sinclair) matrix. With the scattering matrix any stationary target illuminated by a wave with stationary polarisation can be completely characterised (Kennaugh and Sloan 1952). The hypothesis of stationarity seems to be unavoidable; however in the next section we will see that in the case of nonstationary processes we can still characterise a target exploiting its statistics.

During the acquisition the time is fixed (the samples are acquired in a precise timestamp), therefore the variation in polarisation states is provided by the spatial difference. A partial target cannot be characterised by a single pixel acquisition since for a stochastic process any realisation can be different from the others. In order to extract useful information an ensemble average must be performed (Oliver and Quegan 1998). Commonly, partial targets are classified as distributed targets, which are composed of several scatterers.

On the other hand, when the direction is inclined with an angle # from the zenith, it is defined side-looking (the angle # is called look angle). A side-looking solution is conventionally to be preferred to boresight for the rejection of range ambiguities (as will be shown in the following) (Franceschetti and Lanari 1999). e. narrowband signal) and receiving the EM wave backscattered by the targets on the scene. In a classical radar system, the time delay from transmission to reception is related to the speed of the propagating wave and the distance from antenna to object: Dt ¼ 2r ; c ð2:1Þ where r is the distance between sensor and scatterer and c is the speed of light.

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