By Daniel Cotlear
Read Online or Download A New Social Contract for Peru: An Agenda for Improving Education, Health Care, and the Social Safety Net PDF
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Extra info for A New Social Contract for Peru: An Agenda for Improving Education, Health Care, and the Social Safety Net
As early as the 1970s, the next level of aspiration in education was post-secondary schooling. For most parents, the only measure of quality is the promotion of their child to the next level of education. As long as expansion continued, their perception of quality was satisﬁed. A third response by providers has been a turn to self-financing. To an increasing extent, users are paying for services provided by the public education and health systems. The methods range from the legal to the illegal, with a great deal that is dubious.
One is the difﬁculty in managing a graduation of beneﬁciaries. Because the beneﬁciaries govern themselves and government support is limited to providing them with food, the beneﬁciaries become a closed group with an interest in extending the beneﬁts for themselves and not for the rest of the community. Chapter 5 shows how the mothers of Vaso de Leche have continuously extended the age limit of beneﬁciaries to keep their children in the program. This is done at the expense of other younger children whose nutritional status could be improved.
Then, it describes the ﬂuctuation in expenditures of recent decades, linking these ﬂuctuations with institutional change. Finally, it looks at the distribution of expenditures across population and geographic groups. 6. Public Social Spending in Education, Health, and Social Assistance in LAC, as Percentage of GDP Nicaragua Brazil Costa Rica Argentina Honduras Uruguay Chile LAC Average Venezuela El Salvador Colombia Paraguay Mexico Dom. Republic Peru Guatemala Ecuador Peru as Percentage of LAC Allocation: Education = 77% Health = 58% Social Assistance = 51% 0 2 4 Education 6 Health 8 10 12 14 % Social Assistance Source: DNPP-MEF; Lindert, Skouﬁas, and Shapiro (2005).