A New Social Contract for Peru: An Agenda for Improving by Daniel Cotlear

By Daniel Cotlear

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Extra info for A New Social Contract for Peru: An Agenda for Improving Education, Health Care, and the Social Safety Net

Sample text

As early as the 1970s, the next level of aspiration in education was post-secondary schooling. For most parents, the only measure of quality is the promotion of their child to the next level of education. As long as expansion continued, their perception of quality was satisfied. A third response by providers has been a turn to self-financing. To an increasing extent, users are paying for services provided by the public education and health systems. The methods range from the legal to the illegal, with a great deal that is dubious.

One is the difficulty in managing a graduation of beneficiaries. Because the beneficiaries govern themselves and government support is limited to providing them with food, the beneficiaries become a closed group with an interest in extending the benefits for themselves and not for the rest of the community. Chapter 5 shows how the mothers of Vaso de Leche have continuously extended the age limit of beneficiaries to keep their children in the program. This is done at the expense of other younger children whose nutritional status could be improved.

Then, it describes the fluctuation in expenditures of recent decades, linking these fluctuations with institutional change. Finally, it looks at the distribution of expenditures across population and geographic groups. 6. Public Social Spending in Education, Health, and Social Assistance in LAC, as Percentage of GDP Nicaragua Brazil Costa Rica Argentina Honduras Uruguay Chile LAC Average Venezuela El Salvador Colombia Paraguay Mexico Dom. Republic Peru Guatemala Ecuador Peru as Percentage of LAC Allocation: Education = 77% Health = 58% Social Assistance = 51% 0 2 4 Education 6 Health 8 10 12 14 % Social Assistance Source: DNPP-MEF; Lindert, Skoufias, and Shapiro (2005).

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